Designing Dynamical Learning Environments for Simulation: Micro-Worlds & Applets on the World Wide Web

dr. ir. Rik Min
researcher / designer
ing. Ben Reimerink
developer / software engineer

Faculty of Educational Science and Technology (EDTE), University of Twente (UT)
Postbus 217; 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands. E-mail: Min@edte.utwente.nl

http://users.edte.utwente.nl/min

What is simulation?

Examples

Simulatie? Electrons
Simulatie? Carps
Simulatie? Molecule
Simulatie? Cardio
Simulatie? Calc

Simulation? Animation? Virtual Reality? Micro-world? Instruction? Moving pictures? Dynamical? Model-driven? Interactive? Problem solving? Discovery Learning?

Example 1
(Electrons)
Example 2
(Carp)
Example 3
(Molecule)
Example 4
(Cardio)
Example 5
(Calc)
Interactiveyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no
Moving picturesyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no
Dynamicalyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no
Model-drivenyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no
Appletyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no
Instructionyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no
Virtual Realityyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no
Animationyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no
Simulationyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no
Discovery Learningyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no
Problem solvingyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / noyes / no

(pre test)

Best answers:
Example 1
(Electrons)
Example 2
(Carp)
Example 3
(Molecule)
Example 4
(Cardio)
Example 5
(Calc)
Interactive noyesyesyesyes
Moving pictures yesnononono
Dynamical ?yesyesyes?
Model-driven noyes?yes?
Applet ?yesyesyesyes
Instruction yesnononono
Virtual Reality ??yes??
Animation yes?yes??
Simulation noyes?yes?
Discovery Learning noyesyesyesyes
Problem solving noyesnoyesno





Why (simulation in education) ?

advantages
disadvantages

abstract e-book

How (we can make simulation) ?

methods
techniques

e-book

Model-driven simulation ?

1 to 12

1

Principle of learning





2

Here you see the real life in stock market. You know the future when you understand the history. (Just as a user can learn in web-based learning environments with model-driven simulations.)





3

Principle of model-driven simulations:





4

Principle of intelligent feedback: here video fragments:





5

Simulation site with CARDIO; built with JavaTHESIS and 'SimLib':






6

Principle of a learning environment, based on model-driven simulation is to get beter insight in a realistic dynamical phenomenon and insight between input and output, or parameters and variables, of that phenomenon.


The instructor ('Rik') (parallel)

The concept model with the interventions.               Output: 'Maurice' and his complaints

The user (the learner: a pupil, a student, a trainee, etc.)



7

Two demonstration versions

Maurice: version a.

Jopie: version b.



8

A second example: 'TRANSISOR'





9

Two more demonstration versions

Transistor: version 2002x.

Sun heater: version 2002x.



10

The concept of our learning environments





11

The concept of our instruction environment





12

More information

== more about parallellism and the PI theory ==
== parallellism and the PI theory ==
== models ==

Enschede, jan. 6, 2003.